By sharing with UN-HABITAT the view that cities should be for all and economically, socially and environmentally sustainable, the Brazilian Council of Architecture and Urbanism, which brings together the 140,000 architects and urban planners in the country, with representations in the 26 states and the Federal District expresses full support for the New Urban Agenda of the Third United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development - Habitat III, to be held in Quito, Ecuador, in October 2016, and offers to collaborate actively with its implementation in the country.
Cities should neither be seen as isolated spaces in the territory of a nation nor have their problems analyzed and managed in a compartmentalized manner in different sectors. The city is a whole.
The vision of the territory and its planning is key to achieving a sustainable City Project in the 21st century.
From the urban planning perspective, the transformation requires that “promoting Architecture and Urbanism for all”, which is the mission of the Brazilian Council of Architecture and Urbanism, shift from the abstract dimension to the structural dimension of the city. We tread this path.
The city is the physical support for economic and social development. Thus, planning must anticipate the problems with a long-term vision, since its absence represents a condemnation for future generations.
This is not an issue to be addressed in the technical sphere only. Political will, popular participation and civic culture are essential elements. This tripod is the starting point for a political agenda for the city, designed by citizens and sustained by transdisciplinary knowledge.
The role of URBAN PLANNING, specifically, is to interpret and reveal the needs and desires of the communities, including enabling them to identify the problems and select priorities and materializing them in diagnostics, plans and projects capable of transforming the place, in integration with the city and the regional context in which it is included.
Public policies must understand and meet the demands of the city in a continuous process. To this end, URBAN GOVERNANCE committed to the vision of a transforming future is indispensable. Without it, no innovative urban planning can be implemented.
These two points are the paradigms of the City Project we need. City Project we need. Only with intensive and systematic CITIZEN MONITORING of both paradigms the common goal will be achieved. The Brazilian Council of Architecture and Urbanism encourages and will engage in this monitoring. It is our commitment to the New Urban Agenda.
The Brazilian Council of Architecture and Urbanism calls for a pact for the quality of the city in line with the New Urban Agenda proposed by Habitat III, based on political public management instruments that are both transparent and inclusive:
- Urban governance;
- An integrated and integrating urban development plan for the city and its extension to the neighborhood, block, street and parcel scale; and
- Citizen monitoring contained in the targets of these plans, to be carried out by city managers and fully transparent to the population.
Urban citizen governance and qualified urban planning strictly monitored by society are essential for implementing different actions that make the City Project possible based on the premise of “promoting Architecture and Urbanism for all”.
URBAN GOVERNANCE: A governance framework involving states and metropolitan municipalities needs to be urgently established, as provided by the Statute of the Metropolis (Federal Law No.13,089/2015), integrating the various sectoral policies and actions (mobility, water supply, education, health, economy, biodiversity, energy, and solid waste). There must also be shared integration between municipalities to enable metropolitan governance and the development of common strategic plans and actions.
URBAN PLANNING: Each urban territory needs a diagnostics as well as specific integrated and integrating plans and projects. Sectoral projects must break the logic of compartmentalization of public policies by adopting an integrating view of society, the economy and the environment. In this sense, they should:
- Prioritize pedestrians;
- Make the cities socially inclusive;
- Prioritize housing projects for low-income people;
- Adopt the model of environmental and socially sustainable cities;
- Promote the preservation of the city’s landscape, urban and architectural memory;
- Value waterfronts integrated into green corridors;
- Associate mobility and territory;
- Consider drafting consistent public notices as an essential basis for conducting tenders for public works to be mandatorily implemented only after the prior development of complete Architecture and Urbanism projects;
- Adopt the best technique criteria and public competitions in the selection of bids for Architecture and Urbanism projects for public works;
- Provide information with full transparency, and use good social communication practices as much as possible.
CITIZEN MONITORING: The governance of the cities should undertake the political commitment to implement the urban planning instruments. This governance needs to be technically qualified to monitor the implementation of plans. The urban plans should contain urban life quality indicators connected to the physical reality. In this sense, it is necessary:
- To enforce the review of plans using a transparent methodology and with effective technical and social participation;
- To expand, in an integrated manner, the representation of different councils to the City Council;
- To create and consolidate instruments that enable and facilitate broad popular participation and the development of civic culture;
- To establish a network of public and private institutions that can develop an integration channel in urban development;
- To establish a qualified and permanent staff thus enabling the existence of long-term planning;
- Investments in geo-referenced databases that allow for real-time information;
- Development of a citizen information system which reduces the bureaucracy and costs of the land tenure and real estate system for the most vulnerable population;
- Use of social indicators as parameters to aid urban planning.
- Allocating two percent of the annual budget of Brazilian Council of Architecture and Urbanism (CAU/BR) and Councils of Architecture and Urbanism of the States and of the Federal District (CAU/UF) for practical and exemplary actions of Technical Assistance in Social Housing renovation and construction);
- As a regulatory authority, establishing a own agenda to regulate the professional practice of Architecture and Urbanism inducing actions of the New Urban Agenda;
- Promoting the endorsement of best technique criteria (public competitions) for the recruitment of housing, urban and public spaces projects, with the goals of best technical solutions at lower costs and greater control for each work;
- Supporting the adoption of full architectural project and complements for bids related to Architecture and Urbanism, fighting against legislation that allow bids with works containing only preliminary projects, seeking better quality and lower costs in public works;
- Taking action to influence Congress on new legislations aligned with the New Urban Agenda;
- Monitoring the actions of the organs of States and Municipalities aligned with the New Urban Agenda;
- Promoting, together with Councils of Architecture and Urbanism of the States and of the Federal District (CAU/UF), the development of actions with local governments regarding the implementation of the New Urban Agenda.