- Buenos Aires
Cities are going too fast. The idea behind this initiative is to promote cities of any size to go at an appropriate speed and respecting the rights of citizens. The aim of this effort is to create more livable cities that will anyway have prosperous economies and, further, improved environments and social cohesion. The background of the approach is the need to reduce speeds in city streets and city life, promoting the need to improve urban experiences and create urban development paradigms that favour short distances, mixed land uses for all sectors of society and all incomes. This is only possible with a smart mix of public transport and better spaces for non motorized transport (walking and cycling), complemented by compact and mixed use urban development with appropriate urban space. The final component must be the improvement of city life by means of increasing equity in living conditions, work conditions and regulations. Improved regulations towards more appropriate speeds in cities are a cross-cutting issue to these efforts.
The modalities with which this can be accomplished are two main and two complementary modalities:
First main modality: Improved regulations towards more appropriate speeds that clearly provide lower speeds in urban areas, therefore reducing risk for vulnerable road users and increasing the relevance and safety for non motorized transport.
Second main modality: Greater priority and space for pedestrians and cyclists: cities will provide effective means of creating greater priority for pedestrians and cyclists by means of clear rights of way to these modes, adequate crossings and ramps, reduced detour factors and in general greater comfort for those users. Priority to these modes should be given above all others (and priority to pedestrians before cyclists):
Complementary modalities: The first is improved public transport: whatever the technology preferred in a city, it must favour good integration with urban areas, low emissions per passenger-km and high quality of service to all users. The question of technology (bus vs rail vs others) must be secondary to those two main criteria.
The second complementary modality is the increase of compact and mixed use urban development and appropriate urban space, that will enable the flourishing of non motorized transport, lower speeds and better access through public transport.
In line with modalities, expected accomplishments are:
- Implementation of regulations of more appropriate speeds in urban areas
- Reduced deaths and injuries in urban areas due to road/street-related incidents
- Increase of urban space where preference or exclusive right of way is given to pedestrians and cyclists
- Increase of mode share in cycling and walking
- Increase of passenger kilometers in public transport
In line with modalities and accomplishments, deliverables will be that by 2035 the following will be accomplished:
- Regulations of more appropriate speeds implemented and appropriately enforced at a local and national level
- Less deaths and injuries in urban areas due to road/street-related incidents compared to 2015 levels
- Greater urban space with preference or exclusive right of way compared to 2015 levels
- Greater mode share of cycling and walking compared to 2015 levels
- More passenger kilometers in public transport compared to 2015 levels